Hjalmar Schacht, President of the Reichsbank and Minister of Economics, created a scheme for deficit financing in May 1933. Documents for National Socialism (in German). A strategy was developed based on the tactic of Blitzkrieg lightning war which involved using quick coordinated assaults that avoided enemy strong points. The Allies landed in Sicily in July 1943 and in Italy in September. The Nazis postulated the existence of a racial conflict between the Aryan master race and inferior races, particularly Jews, who were viewed as a mixed race that had infiltrated society and were responsible for the exploitation and repression of the Aryan race. In spite of efforts to prepare the country militarily, the economy could not sustain a lengthy war of attrition. They promised a strong central government, increased Lebensraum living space for Germanic peoples, formation of a national community based on race, and racial cleansing via the active suppression of Jews, who would be stripped of their citizenship and civil rights. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas. Military and paramilitary Wehrmacht A column of tanks and other armoured vehicles of the Panzerwaffe near Stalingrad, 1942 The unified armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945 were called the Wehrmacht (defence force).
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Thus Jews and other non-Aryans were stripped of their German citizenship. In addition, 80 percent of the country's oil and 74 percent of its steel production were taken. Poland was more active than other nations in investigating war crimes, for example prosecuting 673 of the total 789 Auschwitz staff brought to trial. London; New York: Longman. In 1941 Hitler decided to destroy the Polish nation completely; within 15 to 20 years the General Government was to be cleared of ethnic Poles and resettled by German colonists. "Hitler's Europe: The German Sphere of Power". Several Catholic leaders were targeted in the 1934 Night of the Long Knives assassinations.
The Romani were forbidden to marry people of German extraction. Political offenders who were released from prison were often immediately re-arrested by the Gestapo and confined in a concentration camp. Christian churches and citizens that opposed Hitler's rule were oppressed, and many leaders imprisoned. Beiträge zur Militärgeschichte (in German). Hitler decided to incorporate not just the Sudetenland but all of Czechoslovakia into the Reich. National Socialist Cultural Policy. New York: Palgrave MacMillan. When the other European powers failed to accept this offer, Hitler pulled Germany out of the World Disarmament Conference and the League of Nations in October, claiming its disarmament clauses were unfair if they applied only to Germany. Persecution of Jews Further information: novelle erotisk sex eldre damer
Anti-Jewish legislation in prewar Nazi Germany Discrimination against Jews began immediately after the seizure of power. From 1942 onward, Soviet POWs were viewed as a source of forced labour, and received better treatment so they could work. Sereny, Gitta (1996) 1995. During the course of the German occupation, some 12 million pigs and 13 million sheep were taken. The Nazi Dictatorship: Problems and Perspectives of Interpretation (4th.). All civilian organisations, including agricultural groups, volunteer organisations, and sports clubs, had their leadership replaced with Nazi sympathisers or party members; these civic organisations either merged with the nsdap or faced dissolution. Manstein: Hitler's Greatest General. In September 1935, the Nuremberg Laws were enacted. "Women in the Third Reich". Under the Gleichschaltung process, Hitler attempted to create a unified Protestant Reich Church from Germany's 28 existing Protestant state churches, with the ultimate goal of eradication of the churches in Germany. They also took jobs formerly held by men, especially on farms and in family-owned shops. Between twelve and fourteen million ethnic Germans fled or were expelled from central, eastern, and southeastern Europe to Germany. New York: Basic Books. Inside the Third Reich. Germany itself suffered wholesale destruction, characterised as Stunde Null (Zero Hour). Legenden, Mythos, Geschichte (in German). New York: Ronald Press. The nsdap daily newspaper, the Völkischer Beobachter Ethnic Observer was edited by Rosenberg, who also wrote The Myth of the Twentieth Century, a book of racial theories espousing Nordic superiority. Princeton,.J.: Princeton University Press. Speer: The Final Verdict.